Literature relevant to 4A Framework for Parent Engagement in Dropout Prevention

The literature refers to selected articles or books that provide additional information about the importance, impact and factors contributing to attendance every day, achievement every year and attainment over time and why these issues matter for parent involvement.


  • Increasing Student Attendance: Strategies From Research and Practice by Jennifer Railsback (Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory, June 2004). This booklet discusses research-based ideas as a starting point for those who want to develop better policies and practices for attendance and to understand the factors that contribute to increased attendance, engagement, and a lower dropout rate. It emphasizes strategies and policies that must be implemented together; that attendance policies, family engagement, student engagement and community engagement must all connect for any strategy to really succeed.
  • Present, Engaged & Accounted For: The Critical Importance of Addressing Chronic Absence in the Early Grades by Hedy Chang and Mariajose Romero (NY: National Center for Children in Poverty, September 2008). This report documents the consequences, prevalence, potential causes and possible solutions to children missing extended periods of school from kindergarten through the third grade. Chronic absences must be addressed early on so that children are set up to succeed.
  • Youth Out of School: Linking Absence to Delinquency (2002) by the Colorado Foundation for Families and Children. This report draws attention to the intersection of education and juvenile justice. It explores a variety of school attendance issues that predict poor achievement, dropping out, delinquency, and ultimately adult criminality. These poor outcomes are preventable for most students at a fairly modest investment.




  • Building Community Support for Education Reform by the Center for Education Reform discusses the parents’ rights and responsibilities to stand up and demand the best education for their child. The booklet provides information to parents on making changes to improve whether their own child’s situation or if they’ve decided to challenge and change the system for the better of all children.
  • ‘But I’m Just a Parent’ by Elaine Zimmerman, Executive Director of Connecticut Commission on Children discusses how to create the parent voice and how their leadership is about democracy. She refers to specific democracy tools that parents can use to speak on behalf of all students.
  • Parents’ Guide to School Board Advocacy in Washington by the American Civil Liberties Union of Washington Foundation (2007). This publication is designed to serve as a tool for parents who want to communicate and advocate before their school board.
  • What Makes a Parent Group Successful? By Colleen Elam (Texas Association for the Gifted and Talented, 1994) while designed for parents of gifted and talented parents provides excellent tips for forming any type of parent advocacy group. It was written a number of years ago, but the lessons within are still timely about how such a parent group can have a lasting impact on behalf of their children and all children.