Literature relevant to 4A Framework for Parent Engagement in Dropout Prevention
The literature refers to selected articles or books that provide additional information about the importance, impact and factors contributing to attendance every day, achievement every year and attainment over time and why these issues matter for parent involvement.
- Increasing Student Attendance: Strategies From Research and Practice by Jennifer Railsback (Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory, June 2004). This booklet discusses research-based ideas as a starting point for those who want to develop better policies and practices for attendance and to understand the factors that contribute to increased attendance, engagement, and a lower dropout rate. It emphasizes strategies and policies that must be implemented together; that attendance policies, family engagement, student engagement and community engagement must all connect for any strategy to really succeed.
- Present, Engaged & Accounted For: The Critical Importance of Addressing Chronic Absence in the Early Grades by Hedy Chang and Mariajose Romero (NY: National Center for Children in Poverty, September 2008). This report documents the consequences, prevalence, potential causes and possible solutions to children missing extended periods of school from kindergarten through the third grade. Chronic absences must be addressed early on so that children are set up to succeed.
- Youth Out of School: Linking Absence to Delinquency (2002) by the Colorado Foundation for Families and Children. This report draws attention to the intersection of education and juvenile justice. It explores a variety of school attendance issues that predict poor achievement, dropping out, delinquency, and ultimately adult criminality. These poor outcomes are preventable for most students at a fairly modest investment.
- A New Wave of Evidence: The Impact of School, Family and Community Connections on Student Achievement by Anne T. Henderson and Karen L. Mapp (Austin, TX: Southwest Educational Development Lab, 2002). This report is a comprehensive review of research on the relationship between family involvement and student achievement. It is part of the “Connection Collection” from the Southwest Educational Development Lab, a helpful series of reports on family and community engagement.
- Creating Partnerships, Bridging Worlds: Family and Community Engagement, (2004) by the Center for Collaborative Education, offers research-based tools and strategies for helping schools, teachers, families and communities partner to deepen student learning and engagement. The guide is part of the Turning Points program for middle school reform, developed by the Carnegie Corporation.
- The American Family Assests Study by Search Institute (2012). This study presented the Family Assets Index and details the connection between Family Assets to youth outcomes.
- Minority Parent and Community Engagement: Best Practices and Policy Recommendations for Closing the Gaps in Student Achievement (2010) by the National Education Association and the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund. This report information on identifying general practices for engaging minority parents, discusses the dynamics that hinder parental involvement, and explores successful strategies that strengthen parent engagement for closing the achievement gap.
- What Research Says About Parent Involvement in Children’s Education by the Michigan Department of Education (2002). This is a fact sheet that breaks down the main points of research about parent involvement in relation to academic achievement. It also includes a summary of Joyce Epstein’s framework around the six types of parent involvement.
- Success at Every Step: How 23 Programs Support Youth on the Path to College and Beyond by S. Hooker and B. Brand (Washington, D.C.: American Youth Policy Forum, 2009). This is a comprehensive compilation of 23 successful programs that help youth complete high school ready to achieve success in college and in their future careers, and includes a logic model illustrating the necessary steps in preparing youth for college.
- Redesigning the Ninth-Grade Experience: Reduce Failure, Improve Achievement, and Increase High School Graduation Rates by G. Bottoms (Atlanta, GA: Southern Regional Education Board, 2008). This publication highlights the importance involving families in discussions with teachers and advisors about their children’s coursework and postsecondary plans as an important element of programs that help students transition to ninth grade.
- Beating the Odds: How Thirteen NYC Schools Bring Low-Performing Ninth Graders to Timely Graduation and College Enrollment, and College Pathways Rubric by C. Asher and C. Maguire (Providence, RI: Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2007). This study explains the four main strategies that schools use to prepare low-performing ninth-graders to graduate high school and enter college on time: academic rigor, networks of timely supports, college expectations/access and effective use of data. It also comes with a rubric based on this research that allows schools to evaluate their work around these four core strategies.
- Building Community Support for Education Reform by the Center for Education Reform discusses the parents’ rights and responsibilities to stand up and demand the best education for their child. The booklet provides information to parents on making changes to improve whether their own child’s situation or if they’ve decided to challenge and change the system for the better of all children.
- ‘But I’m Just a Parent’ by Elaine Zimmerman, Executive Director of Connecticut Commission on Children discusses how to create the parent voice and how their leadership is about democracy. She refers to specific democracy tools that parents can use to speak on behalf of all students.
- Parents’ Guide to School Board Advocacy in Washington by the American Civil Liberties Union of Washington Foundation (2007). This publication is designed to serve as a tool for parents who want to communicate and advocate before their school board.
- What Makes a Parent Group Successful? By Colleen Elam (Texas Association for the Gifted and Talented, 1994) while designed for parents of gifted and talented parents provides excellent tips for forming any type of parent advocacy group. It was written a number of years ago, but the lessons within are still timely about how such a parent group can have a lasting impact on behalf of their children and all children.