When 13 young adults who had experienced homelessness met at the U.S. Capitol for a briefing of congressional staffers, the message was simple.
“Homeless people are still human beings…we deserve love, we deserve compassion, we deserve your help.”
As part of the Education Leads Home campaign––a collaboration between SchoolHouse Connection, Civic Enterprises, the Institute for Children, Poverty and Homelessness, and America’s Promise Alliance––the event brought together youth from across the country who have experienced homelessness, most of whom chose to remain anonymous.
Hailing from Alaska, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Maine, Missouri, Montana, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Utah, and Washington state, these young people demonstrated that homelessness can happen anywhere.
“Homelessness is very easy to fall into…it’s one crisis away,” explained one of the youth leaders on the panel in response to a question by moderator Victoria Pasquantonio, education editor at PBS NewsHour.
While the crises that lead to homelessness vary––an incarcerated parent, a caretaker deported, a relative with mental illness or drug addiction––certain themes emerged as participants discussed the extraordinary barriers they faced and the supports that helped them succeed.
Here’s what they want you to know.
Early identification is key.
Throughout the event, panelists emphasized the need to combat the invisibility of homelessness.
“The biggest barrier was being identified…People can’t help if they don’t know, that’s the first step,” one panelist noted.
In the 2013-2014 school year, 1.3 million students were identified as homeless, a seven percent increase from the year prior, and more than twice the number of students identified in 2006-2007.
However, this is almost certainly an undercount; factors such as stigma, fear, bullying, and concern over being separated from their families often prevents students and parents from reporting their conditions. In the 2016 Hidden in Plain Sight report, released by America’s Promise Alliance, 67 percent of formerly homeless students reported that they were uncomfortable or very uncomfortable discussing their housing situation with people at school, whether peers or adults. Anecdotal interviews revealed that for many young people, no one at their school was ever aware of their situation.
Across the United States, young people who experience homelessness are 87 percent more likely to drop out of school. And without a high school degree, young people are 4.5 times more likely to experience homelessness later in life, thus perpetuating a cycle of poverty and unstable circumstances.
Conversely, keeping students who experience homelessness on track to complete their degrees enables individuals to secure stable and healthy living conditions for themselves and their families.
“I have always seen education as my path out of the darkness of the world,” said one young woman.
Every one of the speakers at the briefing had successfully completed the requirements to obtain a high school diploma. Several were working towards post-secondary degrees.
One young woman shared how her education has changed her hopes and plans for the future. With better job prospects, she said, she plans to secure stable housing for her younger sister and support her way through school.
From our young leader: "I don't want anybody to experience the same thing I did - that's why I'm going to finish my education." #EDULeadsHome
As one young person explained, “homelessness isn’t just not having a physical home.” Rather, it affects all aspects of a person’s life and education.
“It becomes almost impossible to get your work done…you’re not listening to the teacher if you’re worried about where you’re gonna shower,” another added.
That’s why, the panelists explained, it’s critical for institutions to be receptive to and allow special accommodations for youth experiencing homelessness.
In addition to the lack of basic resources – where to get the next meal, where to wash clothes, where to get an internet connection to complete an assignment – homelessness creates a series of additional institutional burdens. Students won’t necessarily have an address to fill out financial aid forms, or access to their parents’ records and information. Panelists called for schools to be flexible in responding to the needs of individuals at all levels and create policies that support rather than penalize students in non-standard situations.
“It’s problematic when people in the system are uninformed on practices, it perpetuates my trauma,” said one young woman.
The 5 Promises represent conditions children need to achieve adult success. The collective work of the Alliance involves keeping these promises to America’s youth. This article relates to the promises highlighted below:
A recent situation involving a first-grade student in the University City School District prompted teachers and administrators to consider an unconventional approach.
Rather than immediately focus on any instruction or behavior in the classroom, the district sought to provide the student and his family with basic needs – a trip to the doctor, food and toiletry items.
The following grants and funding opportunities are currently accepting applicants. These grants are not offered through America's Promise Alliance, but they each relate to our Five Promises. If you have questions about these opportunities, please follow the links provided in each item.
Tanya’s work with America’s Promise began in 2005 directing the planning and execution of professional development events designed to encourage greater focus and collaboration within communities to see that all young people receive the Five Promises.
One major challenge to achieving a higher baseline of student health across U.S. schools? According to advocates, it’s that federal and state policymakers respond to particular moments of public crisis by passing narrow and targeted measures rather than considering the whole child.