2013-2014 Annual BizWorld Report
The study analyzed the implementation of the BizWorld program in 63 primary schools (118 classes, 2,751 students) in the western part of the Netherlands in 2010 and 2011. Furthermore, the Amsterdam study is not without historical precedent. In the early 1960’s, entrepreneurship researchers began testing which non-cognitive skills are crucial for successful entrepreneurship. Similar studies have been carried out since, though the majority of relevant research has been aimed at adolescents. Most recently (in 2007), researchers Chunha and Heckman proposed a model of skill formation. This model emphasizes the importance of early investment in non-cognitive skills. As the Amsterdam study found, the BizWorld program has a significant and substantial positive effect on the development of non-cognitive entrepreneurial skills. The study adds to the ongoing historical dialogue by suggesting it is more efficient to invest in the development of entrepreneurial skills in children rather than adolescents, noting that academia based upon the Cunha and Heckman model strongly indicates that there are important dynamic spill-over effects in the development of skills over time: those who participate in programs at a younger age will be more strongly affected and develop more robust entrepreneurial skills.
The 5 Promises
The 5 Promises represent conditions children need to achieve adult success. The collective work of the Alliance involves keeping these promises to America’s youth. This article relates to the promises highlighted below: