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Annual Book Fairs

January 15, 2014

The Annual Book Fairs intervention provides students in high-poverty elementary schools with books to read over the summer, for three consecutive summers starting at the end of first or second grade.  The goal is to prevent summer learning loss – specifically, the well-established tendency for low-income children’s reading achievement to fall relative to their more advantaged peers during the summer break.  A number of studies have found that the loss is sizable, and may help explain the substantial and persistent reading achievement gap between more and less economically-advantaged students i
Career Academies

January 15, 2014

The Career Academies in the study summarized below operate within large high schools in low-income, urban areas, and have three distinguishing characteristics: They are organized as small learning communities (150 to 200 students) to create a more supportive, personalized learning environment; They combine academic and career and technical curricula around a career theme; and They establish partnerships with local employers to provide career awareness and work-based learning opportunities for students. Each Academy typically focuses on a specific field (e.g., health care).
Carrera Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program

January 15, 2014

Sponsored by the Children’s Aid Society, the Carrera Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention program is a comprehensive youth development program for economically disadvantaged teens who enter the program at ages 13-15 and usually participate for three years, sometimes longer.  The program is provided after school at local community centers, and runs for about three hours each weekday.1 It includes five main activities, as follows: Daily academic assistance (e.g., tutoring, homework help, assistance with college applications); Job Club 1-2 times per week, including such activities as learning to compl
Child FIRST

January 15, 2014

Child FIRST (Child and Family Interagency Resource, Support, and Training) is a home visitation program for low-income families with children ages 6-36 months at high risk of emotional, behavioral, or developmental problems, or child maltreatment, based on child screening and/or family characteristics such as maternal depression.1 Families are visited in their homes by a trained clinical team consisting of (i) a master’s level developmental/mental health clinician, and (ii) a bachelor’s level care coordinator.
Classroom Prevention Program

January 15, 2014

The Classroom Prevention Program is a first-grade intervention that combines (i) the Good Behavior Game – a classroom management strategy for decreasing disruptive behavior; and (ii) an enhanced academic curriculum designed to improve students’ reading, writing, math, and critical thinking skills. The Good Behavior Game rewards positive group, as opposed to individual, behavior.  The teacher initially divides her class into three heterogeneous teams, and reads the Game’s rules to the class.
H&R Block College Financial Aid Application Assistance

January 15, 2014

To be eligible for federal financial aid for college, applicants must normally complete a detailed form – the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or “FAFSA” – which in 2008 was eight pages in length with over 100 questions, and included three additional worksheets with nearly 40 questions. In this intervention, H&R Block – a national tax preparation company – provided streamlined personal assistance in completing the FAFSA to customers at their tax preparation offices who were low or moderate income and had a family member at or near college age without a bachelor’s degree.
LifeSkills Training

January 15, 2014

LifeSkills Training is a middle school substance abuse prevention program that: (i) teaches students social and self-management skills, including skills in resisting peer and media pressure to smoke, drink, or use drugs; and (ii) informs students of the immediate consequences of substance abuse.
Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care (MTFC)

January 15, 2014

MTFC provides severely delinquent youths with foster care in community families trained in behavior management, and emphasizes preventing contact with delinquent peers.  Typical community treatment for such youth, by contrast, often involves placement in a group residential care facility with other troubled youth.
Nurse-Family Partnership

January 15, 2014

The Nurse-Family Partnership program provides nurse home visits to pregnant women with no previous live births, most of whom are (i) low-income, (ii) unmarried, and (iii) teenagers.  The nurses visit the women approximately once per month during their pregnancy and the first two years of their children’s lives.  The nurses teach (i) positive health related behaviors, (ii) competent care of children, and (iii) maternal personal development (family planning, educational achievement, and participation in the workforce).  The program costs approximately $12,500 per woman over the three years of vi
Parent Management Training - The Oregon Model (PMTO)

January 15, 2014

Parent Management Training – the Oregon Model (PMTO) is a manualized1 parent training program for recently-separated single mothers with sons aged 6-10.2 The program consists of 14 weekly meetings with groups of approximately ten mothers, each led by a pair of trained female staff whose degree levels range from high school diploma to Ph.D. Children do not attend the meetings, and the program does not directly intervene with them.